What is a Sentence?
A Sentence is a group of words that makes or defines a fully complete meaning. In writing, a sentence begins with a capital letter and finishes with a full stop, a question mark, or an exclamation mark.
The full stop (.) Question mark (?) Exclamation (!)
- Salman Khan is a megastar of Bollywood.
- What are your favorite Sports?
- What an incredible scene of a Hollywood movie!
Types of Sentences with Examples
According to structure and functions, there are different types of sentences structure which are divided into five kinds of sentences.
- ASSERTIVE (Statement)
- INTERROGATIVE (Question)
- IMPERATIVE (Command)
- OPTATIVE (Wish)
- EXCLAMATORY (Exclamation)
Sentence Types in English
A sentence that states a fact describes things, gives a piece of information, events, reports are called assertive sentences. In this sentence, the subject stands before a verb.
ASSERTIVE SENTENCE EXAMPLES:
- Abul is a very good student in the class.
- Virat Kholi is a great cricketer.
- Honest people deserve more respect.
An interrogative sentence is a sentence that asks a question called an interrogative sentence. In this sentence, the verb stands before the subject and a question mark is used at the end.
An Interrogative sentence are basically two types:
- What, Why, Which, Who, When, How, Whose, Whom and Where.
INTERROGATIVE SENTENCE EXAMPLES:
- Do you go to school?
- What is your school name?
- Can you help me?
- How are you?
- Where are you going now?
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A sentence that communicates request, advice, and order is called an Imperative sentence. In this sentence, the subject you ‘understood’ is usually/normally omitted. It starts with the verb in the first form and ends with a full stop.
IMPERATIVE SENTENCE EXAMPLES:
- Shut your mouth.
- Open your eyes.
- Please give me one chance.
- Love your brother & sister.
- Do your job.
A sentence that expresses a wish, prayer, desire, and blessing is called an Optative sentence. It starts with May or Let and ends with a full stop.
OPTATIVE SENTENCE EXAMPLES:
- May God bless you and your families.
- May he succeeds in your life.
- Let it be true.
- May you live long.
A sentence that communicates surprise or other emotions is called an exclamatory sentence. It simply starts with interjection and ends with a full stop.
EXCLAMATORY SENTENCE EXAMPLES:
- Hurrah! Kolkata Night Riders have won the trophy.
- Alas! His mother is admitted to the hospital.
- What a stupidity game running.